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Mountain Messenger
Lewisburg, West Virginia
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December 13, 1988     Mountain Messenger
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December 13, 1988
 

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10B The Mountain Messenger, Tuesday, December 13, 1988 r; on feeding winter birds Feeding birds is a popular winter passtime for many people. In fact, Americans spend more than $500 million a year on bird seen and $54 million on back yard bird feeding stations! West Virginia's winter birds in- clude cardinals, chickadees downy woodpeckers and tufted titmice. Bird watching brings many hours of entertainment during long winter days. West Virginia Department of Natural Resources nongame wildlife personnel suggest the following bird feeding tips: General Tips: To attract the greatest variety of birds to your yard, you should be familiar with the spe- cific need of each species and pro- vide different kinds of seed and feeders accordingly. Feeders will at- tract more birds if they are placed in sheltered areas near trees, bushes or buildings. When to Feed: Begin to set out seed in late-October to attract winter birds to your yard. Because birds may become dependent upon these artificial food supplies, you should continue feeding throughout winter and well into spring. Spring can be a particularly difficult time for birds, as natural winter food supplies are nearly exhausted and new sources are not available. Seed Feeders: The best seeds for attracting a large variety of birds are the black-oil type sunflower seeds (preferred over the larger, black or gray-striped sunflower breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees, and evening grosbeaks. Seeds of this type that fall from the feeder are attractive to dark-eyed juncos and tree sparrows. Eared, shell or cracked corn will be eaten by mourning doves, blue jays, white-throated sparrows, and starlings. Peanut kernels are popu- lar among titmice, sparrows, and blue jays, while squash seeds are a favorite of cardinals. The best way to discourage Eng- lish house sparrows and European starlings from frequenting the feeder is to provide only sunflower seeds. Suet Feeders: Suet, either beef or pork, may be obtained at meat counters in grocery stores. Place the suet in a cloth mesh bag or onion sack and hang from a tree. Wire mesh suet feeders are also avail- able commercially. This high energy food source will attract brown creep- ers, red and white breasted nut- hatches, chickadees, titmice, and downy, hairy and red-bellied wood- peckers. Other Foods: Stale bread, cookie crumbs, popcorn, peanut butter, and bacon drippings will also be consumed by a variety of song- birds. For a special treat, string some apple slices, small grapes, rai- sins, or orange and grapefruit sec- tions together and tie them to a tree branch. Water and Grit: Birds also re- t Seed feeders such as this one attract a wine variety of birds includ- ing blue Jays, cardinals, chickadees and many others. from freezing in unheated contain- ers. Sand or grit is necessary in the gizzards of birds to help grind the seeds they consume. It can be mixed into the food or provided at another location. shield made of tin on pole-type feed- ers may deter them. However, many people have given up the battle and just enjoy the antics of these ingen- ious animals. Songbirds sometimes become a meal for domestic cats and dogs. If Animal Pests: Squirrels can be this is a problem in your area, avoid a problem at the feeder because feeding birds on the ground or other quire water during the winter they may eat large amounts of ex- accessible places. months. A heated birdbath will at- pensive feed, scare away songbirds, The Nongame Wildlife Program FRESH CUT... OREGON GROWN lr'l SCOTCH PINE .......................................... Feet =15.00 seed) and white prose millet. These tract many birds to your yard. A few and even damage the feeder itself, will be happy to supply more infer- will bring in goldfinches, blue jays, pieces of charcoal in a birdbath or Suspending the feeder on a thin mation to people interested in at- cardinals, tufted titmice, white- shallow pan will help to keep water wire, or placing a circular-shaped tracting birds and other wildlife to their property. Write to the West Vir- ginia Nongame Wildlife Program, P.O. Box 67, Elkins, West Virginia 26241, or call (304) 636-1767. SCOTCH PINE .......................................... 5-6 Feet =19.00 DOUGLAS FIR ......................................... 6-7 Feet =23.00 DOUGLAS FIR .......................................... 7-8 Feet =29.00 COLORADO BLUE SPRUCE ................. -6Feet =23.00 "COLORADO BLUE SPRUCE .................. 6-T Feet =29.00 WHITE PINE ............................................ 9- 0 Feet =29.t WHITE PINE ............. " ................................ 7-8 Feet =24.00 WHITE PINE ............................................ 5-6 Feet =15.00 Poinsettias With Every Cut Christmas Tree Purchased. LIVE BALLED & BURLAP CHRISTMAS TREES - By ANDREA GAINER WYU Extension Agent, Home Economics, Grsenbrier Our weather is quickly telling all of us that we'd better soon be con- cerned with the effect outside tem- peratures are having on our indoor environment. If high relative humid- ity can make you hot and uncomfort- able in the summer, the same prin- ciple can be used to keep you warm at a low thermostat setting -- with a corresponding saving on energy. To understand how this works, you should first have some back- ground information about humidity. Humidity is the water vapor in the air. Relative humidity is the ratio -- (expressed as a percentage) of wa- ter vapor actually in the air to the amount of water vapor that the air can actually hold. Warmer air can hold more water vapor than cold air. That is why it seems so humid in the summertime and also why it often seems so dry inside a heated building during the water. The problem in winter is that the cold outside can hold only a small quam ty of water vapor -- (because air capacity to hold water is decreased as the temperature drops). For example, if the outside temperature is 30 degrees -- with a 70% relative humidity and if the air is heated to 72 degrees -- (as it would be inside a house), the rela- tive humidity drops to only 15% ---- resulting in very dry air. Since the human I:x dy cools by the evaporation of perspiration and since evaporation takes place more quickly in low relative humidity -- you will feel colder in a 72 degree/ 15% relative humidity room that you would feel in a 72 degree/70% rela- tive humidity room. Or, putting it another way, if you increase the relative humidify inside your house in the winter, you can turn the thermostat down keep warm -- thus savin your utility bills, the most way to increase relative side during winter, is to midifier. This device adds per to the air. Humidifiers are in units that are inco! home's central heating portable units. But, a central forced-air you would need a tier. Most portable models at0! in a wood or wood grained( that resembles a small sole or a speaker and most models require manual humidifier's water pending on the perature of the room, be as often as twice a day every few days. Typically, portable can humidify about 1,000! feet. Built in the ductwork nace in a central system. And a hook-up m kes the unit maintenance free. Built-in ers, like the portable units of three methods for ture to the air: (1) In the unit, dry air is blown water, (2) The atomizing spray a fine mist of water into the air, and (3) ment humidifiers directs a wet pad or filter. With all of us anxious energy these days -- it good idea to investigate humidifier might play in this month. TODAY'S CHUCKLE: tainly have a very clean remarked the patron to "Why, thank you," replied "was there anything in prompted you to say everything tastes like soap. Due to a typographica the Kitchen Aid was incorrectly the John W. Eye It should have "SAVE $100. LAY.AWAY instead of $399". NORWAY SPRUCE .......... i ................ i .... 3-4Feet =23.00 NORWAY SPRUCE ................................. Feet =27.50 NORWAY SPRUCE ................................ Feet =32.00 We Want to Clear Out All Excess !nventory Before NORWAY SPRUCE ................................ 67Feet =39.00 WHITE PINE ........................................... Feet =39.00 January 1,1989 at Bdl Lew=s Motors WHITE PINE ........................................... 67 Feet =49.00 Save $6009 on a 1987 Chevrolet Celebrity Company Car ............... Nowl WHITE PINE ........................................... 7-8Feet =59.00 "VR aeropanels, special bucket seats, sunroof, power windows & door locks. aluminum wheels, cruise, tilt wheel, and much, much, more =5.00 Gift Certificate From Fairlea Produce With Every Live Balled & Burlap ChristmasTree Purchase. BuY50/50a seats,FUll'SiZeair, wireFamilYwhee~ covers,.Sedan' A 1989 Chevrolet Caprice for. ;; C-H- S-T-M E TR A M/FM/cassette, cruise, tilt wheel . Sale price not and much more rebate. Offer expires -. Taxes and fees not $3 9 9 EACH Buy a1989 Chevrolet Caval,er Coupe for .............................................................. $',.,, III " auto trans., air, ETR AM/FM/cassette, cruise, tilt wheel sports cloth was 7inch pot White, Mauve and Red bucket seats, power door locks and more. Also ,Have POINSETTIAS From $9.99 to $19.50 In 10" Pot Buy a 1988 Chevrolet Cavalier Station Wagon for ........................................ $1( Fresh Cut HOLLY ............................................. aoo , 1.75 auto trans, V6 engine, air, tilt wheel, cruise control, ETR AM/FM/ was Fresh Ground P ne ............................................. 99 #. cassette, power door locks. ___. 75 Ft Coil PINE GARLAN ................................ =17.50 " Save on These Chevrolet High- Tech Cars s . _ NOBEL FIR WREATHS .................................... 9 75 and BU a 1988 Sprint Pocket Rocket"--Coupe for ...$1 = 7 G R O U N D P I N E W R EAT H S ..................................... 8. 5 MYPI turbo engine, 5 Sl:X:l trans., air ETR AM/FM stereo, rear defogger, W85 BUY BY THE CASE AND SAVE custom seats, and much more. Florida- Buy a 1988 Nova 4-Door Performance Sedan for ........................................... $11 T ,- iu $ M.F.I. 16vatve twin cam engine, electronically controlled trans, airWaS ANGELOS ct ..................................................... 9.75 ETR AM/FM and much more. Florida NAVEL ORANGES48o 4ct .................... c s =13.75 Used Car and Truck Specials Pink or White GRAPEFRUIT40ct .............................. =9.75 ORANGES ct. 100ct ................................................ c s =9.75 Buy a low mileage, clean 1978 Chevrolet Caprice Classic for. cru se, tilt when, vinyl top power windows and door locks, driver 6-way seat, AM/FM BANANAS ........................................................ 40 oo,=9.75 andrmuoh more. VIRGINIA TRAY PACK GOLDEN DELICIOUS or 88 ............ = 13.75 Buy a 1982 Chevrolet $10 Truck for .............. |' RED DELICIOUS F,,C 3 CT ........................... BOX= 14.75 engine, auto trans, fiberglass to er and much more. ROME US #1 APPLES ................................. =10.99 BuyaETR AM/FM stereo and more. 1987 Chevrolet Nova 4-Door for YORK uS #1 APPLES ................................... Red & Golden Delicious APPLES. ,0. =7.99 Buy a 1988 Chevrolet,Caprice Classic Station Wagon for ............. GM program cat, cruise, tilt wheel, ETR AM/FM, 3rd seat, power window and door locks and much more. WV Mountaineer T-Shirt "1988 Undefeated Season" On Sale =6.75 1988 Fiesta Bowl SWEATSHIRTS WV vs Notre Dame On Sale =14.50 ATTENTION: All After Hours Shoppers Visit Our Customer Communication Center Outside The Showroom Right corner 1 mile South of 1-64 Lewisburg, WV 645-2424 "54 Years Proud Because Our Promises Made Were Ke