Newspaper Archive of
Mountain Messenger
Lewisburg, West Virginia
September 20, 1990     Mountain Messenger
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September 20, 1990

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Vol. VI No.28 September 20, 1990 From the Greenbrier Valley of West Virginia O sse -- A Lon Congo [now Zalre]." Times were not always easy. "It w,"s a rather 'raw stage' in the country's history," she said. "There was only one car on the mission station--the area was Just beginning to have roads built at that time. I didn't know the language, Otetela, so one of the first things I did was to learn it. It took about six months of hard studying. Three other mis- sionarles were in the same situ- ation I was. We could also use French, which I had studied. It was one of the country's official languages, since the Belgians SS Steel Explorer Guitar Maker By Jonathan Wright The inspiration of the moun- tains is obvious in talking with Joseph Jesselli. The 41-year-old Hillsboro guitar maker speaks with conviction. "Pocahontas County has read- justed me--it's given me a new perspective of life and has rear- ranged my priorities," he said. "I've really been able to step back and take a better look at myself. It's been a tremendous change for me. At first there was a lot of negative in the transi- tion, but I've ridden through ruled the country at that time. Sea Captain Finds 'Safe Port' that, and now it's all positive." Mr Jesselli moved from the No English was allowed in the school where I taught." In Nearby Sweet SI New York City area to Hillsboro Since the mission was in its In 1988 with his wife, Kathy, early stages at that tlme, consid- By Chas. A. Goddard Baltimore, and New York before and children, Justin and Azlan. Joseph Jesselll "Moving here was the last logical top-quality woodwork, of making ! way from Zicafoose erable building projects were still Captain Martin Gaughen, of Joining Canadian ships near Hal- step in my career," he said. a craft of guitar-making. I've i life. Eighty-seven- underway when Miss Zicafoose the United States Merchant Ma- flax. We headed across the North Mr Jesselli began his career never swerved from that goal. In le Zicafoose is back arrived. "All the brick was made rine, left the sea in 1971. His Atlantic and arrived off the coast , though, near the by hand, and a lot of it was dried six-foot frame is slightly bent of Ireland safely." in woodworking at the age of 17 today's society, money sways us when he joined New York City so much." ,I she first attended, in the sun. For bigger projects it now, due to the natural effects of Once the convoy headed up woodcarver Marcos Baiter as an ra , large part of herwas fired. All the boards were having passed his eighty-sixth around Scotland, they noticed apprentice. "Through my work The craftsman says he makes each guitar for himself, even Iorlary work on the cut byhand." birthday. His gait is a little barrage balloons off Aberdeen. with Marcos, I got to know though most are ordered by cus- f rlca. "All the people were very re-slower now, due to the effects of They oroceeded down the End- fading grade schoolceptlve to us," she added. "The a recent illness Captain ,- woods--their types and qualities, tomers. "It's a very emotional .. . llsh Channel -- destined for If I hadn't studied with a man thing," he sald. "It has to be, be- dE community where head chief lived close to our sta- aughen's mind, however, is as River Thames and the Port of uP, Miss Zicafoose tion and was very nice. All the quick and agile as it had to have Westham "We took a bomb llke him, my guitars would becaus of the time involved. I'm more in step with the standard really not into the money I can from White Sulphur houses were made of mud, withbeen when he commanded...Well, it ac'tuaUyJust rubbed the kinds being made today. Marcos get from it. Sure, I need to make gh School in 1924, grass roofs, but they were all 12,000-ton (that's long tons of side of the ship, but we were said little things to catch my a living, but I don't watch the Stayed in town on neat and attractive. Some had2,240.pounds! C-3 car.go-carry- plenty frightened. We picked up mind. Soon I began to study on clock and worry about how 3he then received ad- wooden floors." mg stops 1or the mnerlcan for- two bushels of shraonel off the my own. I'd talk to people, much time it takes to make a Lning at Athens Nor- For her first five years in the elgn Steamship Company -- deck from that close call." bounce ideas off Marcos, and I good guitar. Clocks have abso- "-ollege, West Virginia Congo, Miss Zicafoose was at American's oldest shipping line. From there, with a few more went through a lot of different lutely no place in here. One of and Davis and Elkins Wembo Nyama, the main sta- The C-3 wasnearly 500 feet seafaring adventures thrown instyles. I eventually settled on the major things about my mov- tion. Most of the remainder of long, naa a b -loot Deem, ana 'Noveau'--I worked for years in ing here was my total disregard all that time I washer missionary work was at the drew 34 feet of water. Powered , a missionary. After I Minga station.. The Methodistby steam turbines, the C-3s | [ that style. Lately, in the past of hours and wages. I'm not ple of years follow- Church conducted girls' homes, cruised at 18 knots. They once [ ] three or four years, I've adopted going to start thinking about I found out about normal school, kindergarten, were the workhorses of the | [ the "art deco" style." ge in Nashville, Ten- grade school, Bible school, hos- American Merchant Marine. | Mr Jesselli grew up in the how long it takes to make a gut- enrolled. It was a pital, and nurse training facili- From Captain Gaughen's [ New York City area and began tar--I want to make the best in- strument possible, but one most ]a ssio tory training ties in the Belgian Congo. Miss home, Earlhurst-On-The-Hill in [ guitar lessons at the age of 12. serious players can afford. v men I graduated Zicafoose supervised a women's nearby Virginia, the sea is hun- | He soon began playing in "I don't llke the concept of ;I and then went on school, then a kindergarten, and dreds of miles away. And yet, the | groups. By the time he was 17fame and money, either," he sea is closer than it was to his he was earning enough to live on added. "If someone offers me a in the Belgian See "Mi Zlcafoo t ", Page 2-A his own away from home. lot of money for a guitar he -'. After getting involved in wood- wants right d yS hat's fin P-ifi working Mr Jesselli began mak- have one ready then. But if I'm ing and repairing guitars. "I had working on a ultar for someone the dream of putting together See "Guitar", Page 2-A Mark Blumenstein traditional life features Blumen- the fall cover has been cre- from old farm scrap metal for a familiar sight Them tlrself. the eandi- or incum- Dns Magazine Cover to West Vlrginlans at fairs and festivals. His work is also dis- played at museums and galleries both In-state and nationally. Andy Yale of Sandstone con- ducted the interview with Mr Blumensteln. It provides insight into the artist's imagination. Other stories cover the 60th anniversary of the Hawks Nest Tunnel project, the new River town of Quinnimont, the last fer- ryboat operation in West Vir- ginia, and the sprawling Easter family farm at Ripley, which is now the Cedar Lakes FFA-FHA Conference Center. There are also stories on a 1929 Elk River fishing camp and a look at life in turn-of-the-century Berea in Ritchie county. Go/densea/, published by the Division of Culture and History, takes its stories from the recol- lections of living West Vlrginians based on oral history fleldwork and documentary photography. Subscriptions are available for $12.50 annually. The quarterly magazine is available by writing to Goldenseal, Cultural Center, Capitol, Charleston 25305; or phone 348-0220. hayhoad_home of North Bend. Nebraska. "Did you know Ne- braska and Iowa supply the highest percentage of sailors than any other states? So it's not so unusual that a Nebraska farmboy should go to sea," Cap- tain Gaughen said. "I was one of four surviving children in a family of eight. Three of us are still living. I at- tended Creighton University in Omaha, Class of '29, and stud- ied liberal arts. I got this idea that I wanted to work for the railroad. I had an agreement with my father. If he'd let me go to work for the railroad, I'd hire the help he needed on the farm. "I started at $3 a day -- tamp- ing ties. All-in-all, I worked at that Job for two weeksl Talk about hard laborf I hurried back to the farm and helped my father raise the corn and oats he grew on our 320-acre farm. Later, I decided I wanted to go to sea. First I went to the Merchant Ma- rine Officers' School in New Lon- don. Connecticut, and then took my maritime commission from the school in Almeda, California. "I signed on as an ordinary seaman with the Isthiman Steamship Company Just before World War II. I was a third mate, the lowest deck category, stand- ing watch on the bridge four hours on, eight hours off. " It was aboard the SS Luther Hurd that, by now, Second Mate Mar- tin Gaughen joined a convoy of I I0 ships sailing for Murmansk during World War II. "We started in Charleston (South Carolina) and picked up ships in Norfolk, Earlhurst for excitement, Boswain Gaughen headed home, dashed across the continental United States, and ended up in San Francisco where he signed on the SS Egbert Benson. It was in the middle of the Pacific Ocean that his ship was plowed on her starboard side (right side) by a Navy Escort. The result was a six-foot-square hole seven feet above the ship's waterline. The ship made port and underwent repairs before going on out to Australia and the South Seas. During that time, Martin Gaughen received rapid promo- tion at sea. "There is no profes- sion which has a longer training period --- 12 years before you can get your Master's license. Even a doctor doesn't have to go through all that." 1954 -- Martin Gaughen becomes Captain Martin Gaughen, and he marries his wife of 36 years, Merge. While Captain Gaughen is off at sea. Mrs Gaughen runs their 520- See "Captain", Page 3-A Cep in and Mrs Gaughen Woodguard Plant In Alderson Issued Permit By State Agency Sarah Lee Neal, a former West Virginia legislator and member of the state's Water Resources Board, said that agency has approved an operating permit to Woodguard wood treatment plant located just below Alderson ha Monroe County. The plant, which uses toxlc chemicals (chromate copper arse- nate) to preserve wood. sat idle for more than two years on the banks of the Greenbrler River while people who live near the facility attempted, through legal channels, to stop its operation. Those people contend an accidental leak of the chemicals used by the plant could endanger their health and their domestic water sup- plies. Harold R. Moore of Alderson incorporated Woodguard Lumber April 8, 1986 according to records in the State Treasurer's Office. On March 16 of this year Mr Moore and James P, Linkous of White Sulphur Springs filed corporate papers for a company known as Overbflt, Inc. That company, Overbilt, filed for a separate permit with the West Virginia Department of Natural Resources "... to dye wood." In a letter to DNR employee Joe Holley dated August 9, Mr Moore asked that details of the chemical formula contained in his permit "...be handled as confidential. What we use to dye wood is the secret of supporting & sustaining our business. Even an inti- mate release of this information under confidence by one of your people could & probably would ruin our business." That letter was released by the DNR when Deborah Bailey, a property owner near the plant, requested a copy under the Freedom of Information Act. World's Biggest Pumpkin Pie of Marlinton Festival The creation of the largest pumpkin pie in West Virginia-- and possibly the world--will be one of many activities scheduled for Marlinton's fourth annual Autumn Harvest Festival, Sep- tember 27-30. Organizers of the three-day event Invite the public to help construct the .12-foot pie at the dd Railroad Depot (visitors" cen- ter) September 29. Participants may choose from of the stages in the maklngof the pie: cooking the pumpkin, making the dough, roiling out the crust, mixing the filling, keeping the fire going, or simply watching. Everyone Is invited to help eat the finished product. See "Pumpkin Pie", Page 2-A i i ii Inside Today About Herbs ............ . ........ 9B Agriculture ....................... 7A Briefly ............................... 5A Carnegie Column ............ 7B Classified ............... 10 & 11B For the Record ................ 5A Garden Patch ................... 8B Home Accent ................... 8A Horoscopes ..................... 4B Joy of Farming ................ 7A News & Views Bd of Ed .. 6B Obituaries ........................ 9A Opinion ............................ 4A Roberta ............................ 3A Saints ............................... 3A Sports ............................... 1 B Teen Notes ....................... 5B i t e